FOOTBALL / SOCCER – słownictwo związane z piłką nożną

FOOTBALL / SOCCER – słownictwo związane z piłką nożną

MATCH – two  teams playing against each other in a 90-minute game of football

PITCH – the area of a field where footballers play a match

REFEREE – the person who makes sure that the players follow the rules, usually wears a black shirt and shorts and has a whistle

LINESMAN (referee’s assistant)  the person whose main duty it is to indicate with a flag when the ball has gone out of play or when a player is offside

A DRAW / A TIE – an even score at the conclusion of a game or match

EXTRA TIME – a further period of play added on to a game if the scores are equal, and a draw is not an option i.e. in the final match of a tournament

HALF-TIME – the time at which half of a game is completed, especially when marked by an interval

FULL TIME – after the allocated time for a match has passed and the referee has blown the final whistle

OFFSIDE  in a position which is not allowed by the rules of the game, i.e. when an attacking player is closer to the opposing team’s goal-line at the moment the ball is passed to him or her than the last defender apart from the goalkeeper

PENALTY SHOOTOUT – a method of determining a winner in a match that would have otherwise tied or drawn; thirty minutes extra time is usually played before it gets to this stage

PENALTY KICK / FREE KICK – a free kick at the goal from the penalty spot (which only the goalkeeper is allowed to defend), awarded to the attacking team after a foul within the penalty area by an opponent

FOUL – a violation of the rules. For example, if a player other than the goalkeeper handles the ball in the penalty box (or penalty area) it is a foul and a penalty is given to the other team

GOALKEEPER / GOALIE – a player whose special role is to stop the ball from entering the goal.

STRIKER / ATTACKER / FORWARD – a player who is considered in terms of ability to strike the ball into the goal area

MIDFIELDER – a player who is positioned to play in the middle part of the playing field / pitch

DEFENDER – a player whose task it is to protect their own side’s goal, and prevent the other team from scoring

CAPTAIN / SKIPPER – the leader of a team

SUBSTITUTE – a sports player nominated as eligible to replace another after a match has begun

MANAGER – a person responsible for controlling a team and training new players

GOAL – a successful attempt at scoring achieved by putting the ball over the goal line into the goal past the goalkeeper

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